Early intervention

Early intervention is understood to be a set of interventions, aimed at children aged 0-6 years, involving the family and the environment. These interventions are carried out in order to address, as soon as possible, the transient or permanent needs of children with disorders (or at risk of suffering disorders), during their development. These interventions, which must take into account the child from a global point of view, must be planned by a team of professionals with an interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary orientation (GAT, 2005).

Neuronal plasticity during the early stages of life makes this a very important period when it comes to achieving better-globalised development in all areas. In the case of children with achondroplasia, this intervention is also decisive for the treatment and prevention of orthopaedic deformities (origin of motor, physiological, and language disorders), and the social difficulties caused by this disability (Psique-Ex, 2010).

Early treatment is the basis for improving the child's development, and for preventing potential complications in the future. It is important to emphasise that early intervention must address all areas of development in children with achondroplasia.

We also believe that it is very important that the family receives, from the moment it has a diagnosis, psychological support that favours the relationship with the child that has been born. (Pegenaute, 2010).

The ALPE Foundation, in collaboration with the Psyche-Ex research group of the University of Extremadura, produced the Guide for Early Care in Achondroplasia “With Another Look” (2010), aimed at parents and professionals in the educational and socio-health sector. It explains in detail how to approach early treatment of achondroplasia. The book and many other documents of interest are in our early intervention Library.

Bibliography
Atención temprana, Resumen del Libro Blanco, GAT, 2003
GAT, Libro blanco de la atención temprana, Real Patronato sobre Discapacidad, 2003
Carta ALPE, Pegenaute, GAT, 2010
Guía de Atención Temprana en acondroplasia, PsiqueEx, 2010